Meals on Wheels Routing System
The Meals on Wheels program has the responsability for providing hot meals to homebound senior citizens within the city. Volunteer drivers deliver the meals in a timely manner to ensure that they are still hot on arrival. The list of customers for meals and the number of available drivers varies on a daily basis. For each day, management tries to assign drivers routes so that allocation of customers is as even as possible among the routes.
An algorithm for developing the daily routes involves sorting the addresses of the meal customers based on the directions of their locations relative to the Meals on Wheels headquarters and dividing this sorted list among the available drivers. The Meals on Wheels headquarters is considered to be located at the origin on a cartesian grid of square city blocks. Each customer's address has been converted into the number of city blocks in the x and y directions from the Meals on Wheels facility. For example, a customer living at location (3,-2) would be living 3 blocks east and 2 blocks south of the Meals on Wheels headquarters.
Write a computer program to determine routing for several different days. For each day, your program will read in the number of drivers (routes) and number of customers followed by sets of names and locations for the customers. Allocate customers to routes using the following strategy.
- Find the polar coordinate of each customer's location. Consider 0 to be due east and 90 to be due north.
- Sort the sets of polar coordinates by angle and then divide the customers as equally as possible among the available routes starting at the angle of smallest measure.
- Assign the customers to the routes with increasing polar angle.
- Routes with customers at high degree angles should not have more customers than those for customers of lower degree angles.
- If two customers are at the same angle, then assign the customer nearer to the Meals on Wheels headquarters before you assign the one further away.
- If the above written rules doesn't help to break the tie, assign the customer first in input set before the customer later in input.
- The difference in the number of customers assigned to any two routes may not exceed one.
Your program will determine not only the route for each driver but also the total length of each route. Tbe length of any route includes the sum of the distances from the Meals on Wheels headquarters to the first customer, plus the distances between subsequent customers (in the order they were assigned to the route) , plus the distance back to the headquarters from the last customer on the route. Note that a block may not be traversed diagonally, and all city blocks are squares.
Input consists of multiple data sets in which the first line is a data set ID and the second line contains the number of routes followed by the number of customers. The remaining lines of the data set are arranged in pairs, one pair per customer. The first line of each pair is the customer's name and the second line contains the x and y coordinates of where that customer lives. So each data set is arranged in the following manner.
Line 1: data set ID (string -> maximum length 50 charactars) Line 2: n m (number of routes, number of customers -> positive integers) The next 2m lines come in pairs: Line 3: customer name (string -> maximum length 25 characters) Line 4: x-coordinate y-coordinate (x and y coordinates for the preceding customer -> integers)
Assume the input is correct and the number of routes does not exceed the number of customers. Number of customers doesn't exceed 4000. Assume also that any result will fit into basic integer type (int for C language). The end of input is indicated by end-of-file.
Sample Route List 4 10 able 1 2 baker -3 6 charlie -4 -5 donald 4 -7 eloise 3 4 frank 2 2 gertrude 5 9 horace -2 -5 inez 5 -3 james 0 1
Sample Route List Number of Customers: 10 Number of Routes: 4 Route ==> 1 Customer: frank Customer: eloise Customer: gertrude Route Length ==> 28 Route ==> 2 Customer: able Customer: james Customer: baker Route Length ==> 22 Route ==> 3 Customer: charlie Customer: horace Route Length ==> 18 Route ==> 4 Customer: donald Customer: inez Route Length ==> 24 Total Route Length ==> 92 ****************************************