Time Limit: 1000 ms Memory Limit: 65536 KiB
The king pays his loyal knight in gold coins. On the first day of his service, the knight receives one gold coin.
On each of the next two days (the second and third days of service), the knight receives two gold coins. On
each of the next three days (the fourth, fifth, and sixth days of service), the knight receives three gold coins.
On each of the next four days (the seventh, eighth, ninth, and tenth days of service), the knight receives four
gold coins. This pattern of payments will continue indefinitely: after receiving N gold coins on each of N
consecutive days, the knight will receive N+1 gold coins on each of the next N+1 consecutive days, where N
is any positive integer.
Your program will determine the total number of gold coins paid to the knight in any given number of days
(starting from Day 1).
Each line of the input (except the last one) contains data for one test case of the problem, consisting of exactly
one integer (in the range 1..10000), representing the number of days. The end of the input is signaled by a line
containing the number 0.
There is exactly one line of output for each test case. This line contains the number of days from the
corresponding line of input, followed by one blank space and the total number of gold coins paid to the knight
in the given number of days, starting with Day 1.
10 6 7 11 15 16 100 10000 1000 21 22 0
10 30 6 14 7 18 11 35 15 55 16 61 100 945 10000 942820 1000 29820 21 91 22 98
Rocky Mountain 2004-2005